Abstract: Holospora obtusa, an alpha-proteobacterium, is an obligate endonuclear pathogen of the ciliate Paramecium caudatum. It is engulfed by the host cell in the course of phagocytosis but soon escapes from the phagosome and is transported across the host cell cytoplasm to the paramecium macronucleus. Electron microscopy reveals a comet-like tail resembling that of Listeria trailing after H. obtusa in the host cytoplasm. In this study we investigated the role of the host cell actin and Arp3 in the process of infection with Holospora. Cytochalasin D treatment significantly reduced the rate of nuclear infection. Using immunocytochemistry and experimental infection of GFP-actin-transfected paramecia we demonstrated that the Paramecium actin1-1 took part in the bacterial escape from the phagosome, its trafficking in the cytoplasm and entry into the host macronucleus. Rapid assembly/disassembly of actin filaments in P. caudatum led to quick loss of actin1-1 from the trails left by H. ...

Actin-Based Mechanism of Holospora obtusa Trafficking in Paramecium caudatum

FOKIN, SERGEY;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Abstract: Holospora obtusa, an alpha-proteobacterium, is an obligate endonuclear pathogen of the ciliate Paramecium caudatum. It is engulfed by the host cell in the course of phagocytosis but soon escapes from the phagosome and is transported across the host cell cytoplasm to the paramecium macronucleus. Electron microscopy reveals a comet-like tail resembling that of Listeria trailing after H. obtusa in the host cytoplasm. In this study we investigated the role of the host cell actin and Arp3 in the process of infection with Holospora. Cytochalasin D treatment significantly reduced the rate of nuclear infection. Using immunocytochemistry and experimental infection of GFP-actin-transfected paramecia we demonstrated that the Paramecium actin1-1 took part in the bacterial escape from the phagosome, its trafficking in the cytoplasm and entry into the host macronucleus. Rapid assembly/disassembly of actin filaments in P. caudatum led to quick loss of actin1-1 from the trails left by H. ...
2009
Sabaneyeva, Ev; Derkacheva, Me; Benken, Ka; Fokin, Sergey; Vainio, S; Skovorodkin, I. N.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/132903
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact