Abstract CONTEXT: Mutations in TSH receptor (TSHR) are notoriously associated with congenital hypothyroidism as well as with non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism, a mild form of TSH resistance that is not as well characterized by diagnostic procedures. OBJECTIVE: The genetic analysis of the TSHR gene was performed to determine the prevalence of TSHR gene mutations in non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism during the pediatric age. The new mutations were studied for genotypic-phenotypic correlation. PATIENTS: Thirty-eight children (ages 0.5-18.0 yr) affected by non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism diagnosed in our center (follow-up from 1 to 11.5 yr) and normal at neonatal screening were enrolled in the genetic study. In 11 cases, the relatives were included in the genetic analysis. RESULTS: Eleven different mutations of the TSHR gene were identified in 11 of the 38 patients. Two are new: the nonsense mutation C31X and the missense mutation P68S, which shows a decrease in TSH binding capacity but not in biological activity. In all cases the carrier parent was identified. CONCLUSIONS: To date, this study demonstrates the highest prevalence (29%) of TSHR gene mutations in children and adolescents with non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism not selected by neonatal screening. Functional studies show that some mutations cause a slight inactivation of the TSHR. This reveals a possible limit of the in vitro study or of the knowledge of mechanisms involving TSHR, or that other candidate genes must be considered identified.
|Autori:||NICOLETTI A; BAL M; DE MARCO G; BALDAZZI L; AGRETTI P; MENABÒ S; BALLARINI E; CICOGNANI A; TONACCHERA M; CASSIO A|
|Titolo:||Thyrotropin-stimulating hormone receptor gene analysis in pediatric patients with non-autoimmune subclinical hypothyroidism|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2009-0618|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|