The combined effect of a channel-based approach for dry pressure drop and the Buchanan equation for wet pressure drop in packed beds has been numerically evaluated within the flooding region. The flooding point is an important design parameter since it establishes the maximum hydrodynamic capacity at which a packed column can operate. Upon analyzing the aforementioned approach, it was found that the usual practice of fixing a reasonable wet pressure drop at the flooding point (e.g., 1025Pa/m) may not yield the correct flooding velocity of the gas, particularly at higher liquid loads. In fact, numerical evaluations of the aforementioned model showed a rather retrograde non-monotonic behavior of pressure drop with respect to the f factor of the gas near flooding at different liquid loads. A calculation procedure was therefore devised in this work to correctly compute the flooding point for a given liquid load when using the aforementioned modeling approach. Interestingly, it was found that the correct flooding velocity can be directly computed from liquid holdup below the gas loading point. To illustrate the use of the procedure, maximum capacity calculations were performed for a well-known random packing, a conventional structured packing, and a novel catalytic structured packing.
|Autori:||Brunazzi E.; Macias-Salinas R.; Viva A.|
|Titolo:||Calculation procedure for flooding in packed columns using a channel model|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/00986440802359402|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|