Abstract PURPOSE: In the pre-positron emission tomography era, the Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi (GISL) investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a treatment based on a response-tailored number of doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine (ABVD) courses in 218 intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage I/II showing at least one adverse prognostic factor and stage IIIA without adverse prognostic factors were recruited. Treatment included a first step of 3 ABVD courses, followed by an early-restaging. Patients in CR/CRu received 1 additional ABVD cycle, patients in PR received 3 more ABVD, and nonresponder patients went off study. Involved-field radiation therapy (RT) was recommended on chemotherapy completion. RESULTS: The median age was 30 years (range, 15-68 years) and 131 patients (61%) were female. Seven percent of patients were in stage I, 78% in stage II, and 15% in stage III; B-symptoms, bulky tumor and erythrocyte sedimentation rate > 30 were recorded in 20%, 26%, and 43% of cases, respectively. The CR/CRu rate was 62% at early restaging, 72% at the end of chemotherapy, and 95% following RT. With a median follow-up of 74 months (range, 6-193 months), 7-year overall survival, relapse-free survival, and freedom from treatment failure were 91.8% (95% CI, 86%-95.5%), 89.2% (95% CI, 82.8%-93.3%), and 81.8% (95% CI, 75.2%-86.7%), respectively. Patients in CR/CRu on early restaging, receiving 4 ABVD, had an excellent outcome with 7-year RFS and cause-specific survival similar to those of the late responders treated with 6 ABVD (RFS, 87.5% vs. 90.5% and CSS, 96.6% vs. 92.7%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The response-guided ABVD program we report, based on standard clinical staging procedures, proved to be feasible and safe in patients with intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma.
|Autori:||Iannitto E; Minardi V; Gobbi PG; Calvaruso G; Tripodo C; Marcheselli L; Luminari S; Merli F; Baldini L; Stelitano C; Callea V; Petrini M; Angrilli F; Quarta G; Vallisa D; Molica S; Liardo E; Polimeno G; Brugiatelli M; Federico M.|
|Titolo:||Response-guided ABVD chemotherapy plus involved-field radiation therapy for intermediate-stage Hodgkin lymphoma in the pre-positron emission tomography era: a Gruppo Italiano Studio Linfomi (GISL) prospective trial.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3816/CLM.2009.n.034|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|