The reduction of nitroaromatic compound bifenox (methyl 5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoate) was studied in aprotic solvents in the absence or presence of cyclodextrin (CD) molecules of different cavity sizes. bCD and gCD form complexes with bifenox in DMSO with the complex formation constants (5+-2) x 102 M-1 [bCD-bifenox] and (3+-1) x 102 M-1[gCD-bifenox], respectively. Bifenox yields a relatively stable anion radical in dimethyl sulfoxide, which is further reduced at more negative potentials by an overall addition of three electrons and four protons to the corresponding phenylhydroxylamine. In the presence of bCD the first reduction wave of bifenox becomes irreversible, it is shifted towards more positive potentials and the uptake of more than one electron is observed (up to four electrons during the exhaustive electrolysis). The first reduction wave of bifenox is not affected by the addition of glucose confirming that a simple availability of protons from the OH groups is not the main factor in further transformation of anion radical in the presence of bCD. The complex formation with bCD facilitates the protonation and additionally protects the molecule from disintegration into 2,4-dichlorophenol. A yield of 2,4-dichlorophenol decreases in the order bCD, gCD and aCD, respectively.
|Autori:||HROMADOVA MAGDALENA; SOKOLOVA ROMANA; POSPISIL LUBOMIR; LACHMANOVÁ STEPÁNKA; FANELLI NICOLANGELO; GIANNARELLI S|
|Titolo:||Host–Guest interaction of pesticide bifenox with cyclodextrin molecules. An electrochemical study.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1135/cccc2009509|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|