We report on the realization of dynamical control of transport for ultra-cold (88)Sr atoms loaded in an accelerated amplitude-modulated one-dimensional (1D) optical lattice. We show that the behavior of the dynamical system can be viewed as if traveling wave packets were moving in a static lattice whose energy dispersion can be tailored at will in width, amplitude and phase. One basic control operation is a reversible switch between Wannier-Stark localization and driven transport based on coherent tunneling. Performing modulation sequences of this operation within a Loschmidt-echo scheme, we are able to reverse the atomic group velocities at once. We then apply the technique to demonstrate a novel mirror for matter waves working independently of the momentum state. We finally discuss advantages of amplitude over previously reported phase modulation techniques for applications in force measurements at micrometric scales.
|Autori:||Alberti, A; Ferrari, G; Ivanov, Vv; Chiofalo, MARIA LUISA; Tino, Gm|
|Titolo:||Atomic wave packets in amplitude-modulated vertical optical lattices|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1367-2630/12/6/065037|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|