BACKGROUND: Long-term prophylaxis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) positive liver transplanted subjects with intravenous hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is effective, however use of intramuscular HBIG could be as effective with fewer adverse events and lower cost. AIM: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized, clinical study to assess the efficacy and safety of HBIG from Grifols, Igantibe, for the prophylaxis of HBV reactivation. METHODS: Eighteen adult patients submitted to liver transplantation for HBV-related disease more than 18 months earlier were treated with doses of 2000 I.U. intramuscular Igantibe every 14 days for 6 months. RESULTS: Mean trough serum HBsAb IgG titers from months 4 to 6 (primary efficacy variable) were protective (>or=150 I.U./L) at each time point. Individual measurements were also protective throughout the study. HBV replication remained negative for all available subjects until study completion. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed a half-life of 27 days and extensive exposure to the study drug. Safety and tolerability of intramuscular Igantibe were good, with only one adverse event. CONCLUSION: Standard-dose intramuscular Igantibe administration proved efficacious in post-liver transplantation prophylaxis by attaining protective levels for up to 6 months, was safe and well tolerated. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed a long half-life and extensive exposure.

Efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of intramuscular hepatitis B immune globulin, Igantibe, for the prophylaxis of viral B hepatitis after liver transplantation

FILIPPONI, FRANCO;DE SIMONE P;
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term prophylaxis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) positive liver transplanted subjects with intravenous hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is effective, however use of intramuscular HBIG could be as effective with fewer adverse events and lower cost. AIM: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized, clinical study to assess the efficacy and safety of HBIG from Grifols, Igantibe, for the prophylaxis of HBV reactivation. METHODS: Eighteen adult patients submitted to liver transplantation for HBV-related disease more than 18 months earlier were treated with doses of 2000 I.U. intramuscular Igantibe every 14 days for 6 months. RESULTS: Mean trough serum HBsAb IgG titers from months 4 to 6 (primary efficacy variable) were protective (>or=150 I.U./L) at each time point. Individual measurements were also protective throughout the study. HBV replication remained negative for all available subjects until study completion. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed a half-life of 27 days and extensive exposure to the study drug. Safety and tolerability of intramuscular Igantibe were good, with only one adverse event. CONCLUSION: Standard-dose intramuscular Igantibe administration proved efficacious in post-liver transplantation prophylaxis by attaining protective levels for up to 6 months, was safe and well tolerated. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed a long half-life and extensive exposure.
Filipponi, Franco; Franchello, A; Carrai, P; Romagnoli, R; DE SIMONE, P; Woodward, Mk; Paez, A; Salizzoni, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/139482
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