Essential oils from Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poiteau (Lamiaceae) and Hyptis spicigera Lamarck (Lamiaceae) were first analysed by gas chromatography and by gas chromatography/electron impact mass spectroscopy and then evaluated for toxicity and repellent activity against Sitophilus granarius (L.) (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae), one of the most serious worldwide stored grain pests. Fifty-six compounds have been identified in the essential oil of H. suaveolens: monoterpene hydrocarbons were the most represented volatiles (64. 1%), followed by sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (24. 0%), oxygenated monoterpenes (8. 1%) and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (2. 4%). Diterpenes and non-terpene derivatives were scarcely represented. Sixty compounds have been identified in the essential oil of H. spicigera: monoterpene hydrocarbons were the most represented class of volatiles (70. 4%), followed by sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (22. 6%). Results from topical applications on insects showed that both essential oils had an effective insecticidal activity. The complete kill of S. granarius was observed 24 h after treatment at a minimum effective dose of 0. 4 and 0. 6 μl per insect with H. suaveolens and H. spicigera oil, respectively. Results from repellency tests showed that the two essential oils had a repellent activity on S. granarius adults: at the lowest dose (2 × 10 -4 μl oil per cm 2), H. spicigera essential oil exhibited a higher repellent effect in comparison to H. suaveolens. No significant differences were observed for the repellent effect between the two essential oils at the highest dose (2 × 10 -2 μl oil per cm 2).
|Autori:||CONTI B; CANALE A; CIONI P.L; FLAMINI G; RIFICI A|
|Titolo:||Hyptis suaveolens and Hyptis spicigera (Lamiaceae) essential oils: qualitative analysis, contact toxicity and repellent activity against Sitophilus granarius (L.) (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10340-010-0343-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|