Hierarchical relationships among different compass systems in long-distance migrants are still a matter for discussion because different studies have led to highly variable and apparently contradictory results. We carried out cue-conflict experiments during spring migration on pied flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca (Passeriformes, Muscicapidae). Birds were exposed to a conflict between celestial and magnetic information by altering the polarized light pattern or magnetic field. The polarization pattern was shifted (+/- 90A degrees) with filters, whereas the magnetic field was altered (+90A degrees) through Helmholtz coils. Birds were tested in modified Emlen funnels both before and after the cue conflict; during the tests, only the natural magnetic field was available. This protocol was designed to test whether the experimental birds recalibrated their magnetic compass on the directional information derived from the light polarization pattern when the region near the horizon was visible during the conflict. Contrary to this expectation, we did not record any significant shift in magnetic orientation after one or repeated exposures to the cue conflict. Our results support earlier studies, which suggest that the magnetic field is the primary compass cue during the migratory period.
|Autori:||Gaggini V; Baldaccini N; Spina F; Giunchi D|
|Titolo:||Orientation of the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca: cue-conflict experiments during spring migration RID B-9642-2008|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00265-010-0948-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|