Objectives – To assess possible improved efficacy of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using prolonged infusion and a correspondingly higher dose of l-boronophenylalanine, as the fructose complex (BPA-f). Materials and methods – The benefit of prolonged infusion was analyzed by comparing the results from a Phase II study using 6 h infusion of BPA-f with those obtained from a Phase I ⁄ II study using 2 h of infusion. Median survival time (MST) from diagnosis, patient baseline characteristics, salvage treatment and severe adverse events were considered in the comparison. Results – MST increased significantly, from 12.8 (95% confidence interval or CI: 10.3–14.0) months with 2 h infusion to 17.7 (95% CI: 13.6–19.9) months with 6 h of infusion. The fraction of patients with WHO grade 3–4 adverse events was similar in the two studies at 13% and 14%, respectively. Conclusion – Prolonged infusion was found to be beneficial for the efficacy of BNCT and it is suggested that 6 h infusion of BPA-f should be used in future trials of BNCT for GBM. BNCT, which is a single-day treatment with mild side effects, should be assessed in a controlled trial, as an alternative to 30 daily fractions of conventional fractionated photon therapy over a period of 6 weeks.
|Autori interni:||GIUSTI, VALERIO|
|Autori:||SKOLD K; H-STENSTAM B; DIAZ A; GIUSTI V; PELLETTIERI L; HOPEWELL J.W|
|Titolo:||Boron neutron capture therapy for glioblastoma multiforme: advantage of prolonged infusion of BPA-f|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1600-0404.2009.01267.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|