This paper compares stable isotope (d18O and d13C) records of early–middle Holocene land snail shells from the archaeological deposits of Grotta di Latronico 3 (LTR3; southern Italy) with modern shell isotopic data. No substantial interspecific variability was observed in shell d18O (d18Os) of modern specimens (Pomatias elegans, Cornu aspersum, Eobania vermiculata, Helix ligata and Marmorana fuscolabiata). In contrast, interspecific shell d13C (d13Cs) variability was significant, probably due to different feeding behaviour among species. The d18Os values of living land snails suggest that species hibernate for a long period during colder months, so that the signal of 18O-depleted winter rainfall in their d18Os is lost. This suggests that d18Os and d13Cs values of Pomatias elegans from this archaeological succession provide valuable clues for seasonal (spring–autumn) climatic conditions during the early–middle Holocene. The d18Os values of fossil specimens are significantly lower than in modern shells and in agreement with other palaeoclimatic records, suggesting a substantial increase of precipitation and/or persistent changes in air mass source trajectories over this region between ca. 8.8 cal ka BP and 6.2–6.7 ka ago. The d13Cs trend suggests a transition from a slightly 13C-enriched to a 13C-depleted diet between early and middle Holocene compared to present conditions. We postulate that this d13Cs trend might reflect changes in the C3 vegetation community, potentially combined with other environmental factors such as regional moisture increase and the progressive decrease of atmospheric CO2 concentration.
|Autori:||Colonese A.C.; Zanchetta G; Dotsika E.; Drysdale R.N.; Fallick A.E.; Grifoni Cremonesi R.; Manganelli G.|
|Titolo:||Early-Middle Holocene land snail shells stable isotope record from Grotta di Latronico 3 (Southern Italy)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jqs.1429|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|