The development of greener chem. processes is becoming more and more important because this approach moves towards sustainable methods and products, minimizing pollution and risks for human health and environment. In these perspectives, microwaves seem to fulfil these requirements; in this context, we have tested a novel method both for the synthesis of nanocatalysts and for thermal activation of catalytic reactions. Until now, microwave chem. has been generally performed inside a closed metal cavity, i.e. a microwave oven, but this approach presents relevant drawbacks, in particular for large scale application. Recently, we have proposed a new, cheap, sustainable process for large scale prepn. of nanocatalysts, overcoming the disadvantages of the current synthesis methods. This novel method has been successfully adopted for the prepn. in situ of ruthenium, palladium and silver nanoparticles as colloids or on different supports. Our procedure is safe and cheap, enabling to obtain the utmost efficiency and control also for industrial application. The obtained nanocatalysts present small av. diams., good morphol. and very narrow sizes distribution with an abs. reproducibility. The ruthenium nanocatalysts were tested in the selective hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanone and palladium nanocatalysts were tested in the selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde to hydrocinnamaldehyde, and we obtained good performances in both reactions.
|Autori interni:||RASPOLLI GALLETTI, ANNA MARIA|
|Autori:||C. ANTONETTI; RASPOLLI GALLETTI A; I. LONGO|
|Titolo:||An Innovative Microwave Process for Nanocatalysts Synthesis|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|