Different thermochemical configurations (gasification, combustion, electrolysis and syngas separation) are studied for producing hydrogen from biomass fuels. The aim is to provide data for the production unit and the following optimization of the "hydrogen chain" (from energy source selection to hydrogen utilization) in the frame of the Italian project "Filiera ldrogeno". The project focuses on a regional scale (Tuscany, Italy), renewable energies and automotive hydrogen. Decentred and small production plants are required to solve the logistic problems of biomass supply and meet the limited hydrogen infrastructures. Different options (gasification with air, oxygen or steam/oxygen mixtures, combustion, electrolysis) and conditions (varying the ratios of biomass and gas input) are studied by developing process models with uniform hypothesis to compare the results. Results obtained in this work concern the operating parameters, process efficiencies, material and energetic needs and are fundamental to optimize the entire hydrogen chain. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Biagini E; Masoni L; Tognotti L|
|Titolo:||Comparative study of thermochemical processes for hydrogen production from biomass fuels|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.biortech.2010.03.052|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|