BACKGROUND: Protein malnutrition and lowering serum albumin is frequent in hemodialysis patients. A special amino acid formulation has recently been used with favorable effects in elderly people but no data exist in renal patients. AIM: To assess the effects of this novel amino acid formulation in stable hemodialysis patients with reduced albumin levels. METHODS: Thirty stable hemodialysis patients with serum albumin levels <3.5 g/dL, normalized protein nitrogen appearance (nPNA) <1.1 g/kg/d, and body mass index (BMI) >20 kg/m(2) were selected: 15 patients were randomized to oral amino acid supplementation (4 g thrice a day) for 3 months and 15 patients comparable for age, gender, and dialysis durations formed the control group. Biochemistry and bioimpedentiometry parameters were measured at baseline and at the end of treatment. RESULTS: No difference was observed between study group and control group at baseline. At the end of the study period, no change occurred in the studied parameters in the control group, whereas increase in serum albumin (3.1 ± 0.3 vs. 3.6 ± 0.2 g/dL, p < 0.001) and in total proteins (5.7 ± 0.4 vs. 6.4 ± 0.7 g/dL, p < 0.001) occurred in the study group. Hemoglobin rose from 10.7 ± 0.9 to 11.7 ± 0.8 g/dL (p < 0.05) at the same erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) dosage. C-Reactive protein (CRP) levels decreased in the study group (8.7 ± 7.3 vs. 3.8 ± 3.1 mg/L, p < 0.01). Increase of body weight and of equilibrated protein catabolic rate (ePCR) was observed in the study group. CONCLUSIONS: Oral amino acids supplementation was able to improve albumin and total protein in hypoalbuminemia hemodialysis patients. This effect was associated with reduction of CRP levels that is with lowering of pro-inflammatory status and anemia improvement.
|Autori:||BOLASCO P; CARIA S; CUPISTI A; SECCI R; SAVERIO DIOGUARDI F|
|Titolo:||A novel amino acids oral supplementation in hemodialysis patients: a pilot study|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3109/0886022X.2010.536289|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|