We review the phase field (otherwise called diffuse interface) model for fluid flows, where all quantities, such as density and composition, are assumed to vary continuously in space. This approach is the natural extension of van der Waals' theory of critical phenomena both for one-component, two-phase fluids and for partially miscible liquid mixtures. The equations of motion are derived, assuming a simple expression for the pairwise interaction potential. In particular, we see that a non-equilibrium, reversible body force appears in the Navier-Stokes equation, that is proportional to the gradient of the generalized chemical potential. This, so called Korteweg, force is responsible for the convection that is observed in otherwise quiescent systems during phase change. In addition, in binary mixtures, the diffusive flux is modeled using a Cahn-Hilliard constitutive law with a composition-dependent diffusivity, showing that it reduces to Fick's law in the dilute limit case. Finally, the results of several numerical simulations are described, modeling, in particular, a) mixing, b) spinodal decomposition, c) nucleation, d) enhanced heat transport, e) liquid-vapor phase separation.
|Autori:||LAMORGESE A G; MOLIN D; MAURI R|
|Titolo:||Phase Field Approach to Multiphase Flow Modeling|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00032-011-0171-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|