Crude particulate homogenates from leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.), leaf-beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla L.) and pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) cotyledons were separated on sucrose density gradients. The peroxisomal fractions appeared at a buoyant density of 1.25 g·cm-3 and contained most of the activities of catalase (EC 184.108.40.206), and hydroxypyruvate reductase (EC 220.127.116.11) on the gradients. In peroxisomal fractions from detached leaves and green cotyledons incubated in permanent darkness we detected the presence of isocitrate lyase (EC 18.104.22.168) and malate synthase (EC 22.214.171.124), key enzymes of the glyoxylate cycle, and β-oxidation activity (except in pumpkin). As proposed by H. Gut and P. Matile (1988, Planta 176, 548-550) the glyoxylate cycle may be functional during leaf senescence, and the presence of two key enzymes indicates a transition from leaf peroxisome to glyoxysome; for pumpkin cotyledons in particular a double transition occurs (glyoxysome to leaf peroxisome during greening, and leaf peroxisome to glyoxysome during senescence).
|Autori:||De Bellis, L.; Picciarelli, Piero; Pistelli, Laura; Alpi, A:|
|Titolo:||Localization of glyoxylate cycle marker enzymes in peroxisomes of senescent leaves and cotyledons|
|Anno del prodotto:||1990|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00198797|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|