In many organisms, the specification of cell fate and the formation of embryonic axes depend on a proper distribution of maternal mRNAs during oogenesis. Asymmetrically localized determinants are required both for embryonic axes and germline determination in anuran amphibians. As a model system of these processes, we have used a species complex of the genus Pelophylax (Rana), characterized by a hybridogenetic reproduction that involves events of genome exclusion and endoreduplication during meiosis in both sexes. With the aim of characterizing the still largely unknown molecular events regulating Pelophylax gametogenesis, we have isolated in this animal model homologues of the deleted in AZoospermia-like (DAZl) and pumilio gene families (named RlDazl and RlPum1, respectively), which encode posttranscriptional regulators. Expression pattern analysis of these genes showed that RlDazl is exclusively expressed in gonadal tissues, whereas RlPum1 is expressed in both somatic tissues and gonads. In situ hybridization carried out on gonads revealed that the two transcripts were asymmetrically localized along the animal–vegetal (A–V) axis of oocytes. In particular, the RlDazl transcript progressively collected to the vegetal pole during oogenesis, whereas the RlPum1 mRNA was preferentially enriched at the animal hemisphere. In adult testes, RlDazl and RlPum1 were expressed in specific phases of spermatogenetic divisions as shown by immunostaining with anti-H3 phosphohistone antibody. Our results indicate that RlDazl and RlPum1 represent two early indicators of oocyte polarity in this hybridogenetic vertebrate model. Additionally, RlDazl share with vertebrate DAZ- like genes a germ cell-specific expression pattern.
|Autori interni:||RAGGHIANTI, MATILDE|
|Autori:||MARRACCI S; MICHELOTTI V; CASOLA C; GIACOMA C; RAGGHIANTI M|
|Titolo:||Daz- and Pumilio-like genes are asymmetrically localized in Pelophylax (Rana) oocytes and are expressed during early spermatogenesis|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jez.b.21405|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|