Renewable energy sources are mainly used in the electrical sector. Electricity is not a storable commodity. Hence, it is necessary to produce the requested quantity and distribute it through the system in such a way as to ensure that electricity supply and demand are always evenly balanced. This constraint is actually the main problem related to the penetration of new renewables (wind and photovoltaic power) in the context of complex energy systems. The paper analyzes some aspects in connection with the problem of new renewable energy penetration. The case of Italian scenario is considered as a meaningful reference due to the characteristic size and the complexity of the same. The various energy scenarios are evaluated with the aid of a multipurpose software taking into account the interconnections between the different energetic uses. In particular, it is shown how the penetration of new renewable energies is limited at an upper level by technological considerations and it will be more sustainable if an integration of the various energy use (thermal, mobility and electrical) field will be considered.
|Autori:||FRANCO A; SALZA P|
|Titolo:||Perspectives for the long term penetration of new renewables in complex energy systems: the Italian scenario|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10668-010-9263-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|