In this paper I argue, against generally held views, that PBerol. 9780r. is a fragment from Book 28 of Didymus's lucidly organized commentary on the whole corpus of Demosthenes, in its original format. Apparent gaps in the coverage of Philippics 10-13 are neither the result of excerption nor of negligence on the author's part, but reflect the re-use of the same topics and passages from one speech to another, which was a well-known feature of the Philippics. Didymus skips doublets (maybe following critical signs in his edition of the orator), and his very professional commentary obviously shrinks as it approaches the end. A detailed discussion of (a) Didymus fragments in Harpocration, (b) the order of speeches in ancient editions of Demosthenes, (c) the colophon in col. 15 demonstrates that PBerol. is the final part of Didymus's huge commentary on the orator and refutes F.Leo's interpretation of the work as a historical syngramma about Demosthenes, casting serious doubts on the so-called Peri-literature as a whole.
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