A stochastic approach based on generalized polynomial chaos (gPC) is used to quantify the error in large-eddy simulation (LES) of a spatially evolving mixing layer flow and its sensitivity to different simulation parameters, viz., the grid stretching in the streamwise and lateral directions and the subgrid-scale (SGS) Smagorinsky model constant (CS). The error is evaluated with respect to the results of a highly resolved LES and for different quantities of interest, namely, the mean streamwise velocity, the momentum thickness, and the shear stress. A typical feature of the considered spatially evolving flow is the progressive transition from a laminar regime, highly dependent on the inlet conditions, to a fully developed turbulent one. Therefore, the computational domain is divided in two different zones (inlet dependent and fully turbulent) and the gPC error analysis is carried out for these two zones separately. An optimization of the parameters is also carried out for both these zones. For all the considered quantities, the results point out that the error is mainly governed by the value of the CS constant. At the end of the inlet-dependent zone, a strong coupling between the normal stretching ratio and the CS value is observed. The error sensitivity to the parameter values is significantly larger in the inlet-dependent upstream region; however, low-error values can be obtained in this region for all the considered physical quantities by an ad hoc tuning of the parameters. Conversely, in the turbulent regime the error is globally lower and less sensitive to the parameter variations, but it is more difficult to find a set of parameter values leading to optimal results for all the analyzed physical quantities. A similar analysis is also carried out for the dynamic Smagorinsky model, by varying the grid stretching ratios. Comparing the databases generated with the different subgrid-scale models, it is possible to observe that the error cost function computed for the streamwise velocity and for the momentum thickness is not significantly sensitive to the used SGS closure. Conversely, the prediction of the shear stress is much more accurate when using a dynamic subgrid-scale model and the variance of the error is lower in magnitude.
|Autori:||M. Meldi; SALVETTI M; P. Sagaut|
|Titolo:||Quantification of errors in large-eddy simulations of a spatially evolving mixing layer using polynomial chaos|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.3688135|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|