Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can impair gastric ulcer healing. This study investigates the involvement of NSAID-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) in ulcer repair impairment by cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors. Gastric ulcers were induced in rats by acetic acid. Four days later, animals received daily intragastric indomethacin (nonselective COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-trifluoromethylpyrazole (SC-560) (selective COX-1 inhibitor; 2.5 mg/kg), (5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4- methylsulfonyl) phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (DFU) (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 5 mg/kg), celecoxib (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), and valdecoxib (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), for 1, 3, or 7 days. Ulcerated tissues were processed to assess: 1) COX-1, COX-2, NAG-1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and activated caspase-3 expression; 2) ulcer area; and 3) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. COX-1 expression in ulcerated tissues was decreased, whereas COX-2 expression was enhanced. Ulcer healing was delayed by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib and valdecoxib. Ulcer PGE2 levels were decreased by SC-560, DFU, celecoxib, valdecoxib, and indomethacin. NAG-1 was overexpressed in ulcerated tissues and further enhanced by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib or valdecoxib. PCNA expression in ulcerated areas was reduced by indomethacin, but not by the other test drugs. The expression of activated caspase-3 in ulcers was increased and enhanced further by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib and valdecoxib. These findings indicate that: 1) COX inhibitors exert differential impairing effects on gastric ulcer healing, through mechanisms unrelated to the inhibition of COX isoforms and prostaglandin production; and 2) NAG-1 induction, followed by activation of proapoptotic pathways, can contribute to the impairing effects of COX inhibitors on ulcer healing. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 plays a role in the impairing effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on gastric ulcer healing

ANTONIOLI, LUCA;BERNARDINI, NUNZIA;IPPOLITO, CHIARA;SEGNANI, CRISTINA;TUCCORI, MARCO;BLANDIZZI, CORRADO;FORNAI, MATTEO
Ultimo
2012-01-01

Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can impair gastric ulcer healing. This study investigates the involvement of NSAID-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) in ulcer repair impairment by cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors. Gastric ulcers were induced in rats by acetic acid. Four days later, animals received daily intragastric indomethacin (nonselective COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-trifluoromethylpyrazole (SC-560) (selective COX-1 inhibitor; 2.5 mg/kg), (5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4- methylsulfonyl) phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (DFU) (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 5 mg/kg), celecoxib (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), and valdecoxib (selective COX-2 inhibitor; 1 mg/kg), for 1, 3, or 7 days. Ulcerated tissues were processed to assess: 1) COX-1, COX-2, NAG-1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and activated caspase-3 expression; 2) ulcer area; and 3) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. COX-1 expression in ulcerated tissues was decreased, whereas COX-2 expression was enhanced. Ulcer healing was delayed by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib and valdecoxib. Ulcer PGE2 levels were decreased by SC-560, DFU, celecoxib, valdecoxib, and indomethacin. NAG-1 was overexpressed in ulcerated tissues and further enhanced by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib or valdecoxib. PCNA expression in ulcerated areas was reduced by indomethacin, but not by the other test drugs. The expression of activated caspase-3 in ulcers was increased and enhanced further by indomethacin, DFU, and SC-560, but not by celecoxib and valdecoxib. These findings indicate that: 1) COX inhibitors exert differential impairing effects on gastric ulcer healing, through mechanisms unrelated to the inhibition of COX isoforms and prostaglandin production; and 2) NAG-1 induction, followed by activation of proapoptotic pathways, can contribute to the impairing effects of COX inhibitors on ulcer healing. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
2012
Colucci, R; Antonioli, Luca; Bernardini, Nunzia; Ippolito, Chiara; Segnani, Cristina; Awwad, O; Tuccori, Marco; Blandizzi, Corrado; Scarpignato, C; Fornai, Matteo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/152919
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