2011, Japan earthquake. The rotation measurements have been conducted with a ring laser gyroscope operating in a vertical plane, thus detecting rotations around the horizontal axis. Comparison of ground rotations with vertical accelerations from a co-located force balance accelerometer shows excellent ring laser coupling at periods longer than 100 s. Under the plane wave assumption, we derive a theoretical relationship between horizontal rotation and vertical acceleration for Rayleigh waves. Due to the oblique mounting of the gyroscope with respect to the wave direction of arrival, apparent velocities derived from the acceleration/rotation rate ratio are expected to be always larger than or equal to the true wave propagation velocity. This hypothesis is confirmed through comparison with fundamental mode, Rayleigh-wave phase velocities predicted for a standard Earth model.
|Autori:||Belfi J; Beverini N; Carelli G; Di Virgilio A; Maccioni E; Saccorotti G; Stefani F; Velikoseltsev A|
|Titolo:||Horizontal rotation signals detected by “G-Pisa" ring laser for the Mw=9.0, March 2011, Japan earthquake|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10950-012-9276-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|