Previous experiments [J. Phys. Chem. A 116, 2833 (2012)] have studied the dissociation of 1,2-diiodoethane radical cation (C2H4I2+) and found a one-dimensional distribution of translational energy, an odd finding considering most product relative translational energy distributions are two-dimensional. The goal of this study is to obtain an accurate understanding of the potential energy surface (PES) topology for the unimolecular decomposition reaction C2H4I2+ -> C2H4I+ + I. This is done through comparison of many single-reference electronic structure methods, coupled-cluster single-point (energy) calculations, and multi-reference energy calculations used to quantify spin–orbit (SO) coupling effects. We find that the structure of the C2H4I2+ reactant has a substantial effect on the role of the SO coupling on the reaction energy. Both the BHandH and MP2 theories with an ECP/6-31++G** basis set, and without SO coupling corrections, provide accurate models for the reaction energetics. MP2 theory gives an unsymmetric structure with different C–I bond lengths, resulting in a SO energy for C2H4I2+ similar to that for the product I-atom and a negligible SO correction to the reaction energy. In contrast, DFT gives a symmetric structure for C2H4I2+, similar to that of the neutral C2H4I2 parent, resulting in a substantial SO correction and increasing the reaction energy by 6.0–6.5 kcal/mol. Also, we find that, for this system, coupled-cluster single-point energy calculations are inaccurate, since a small change in geometry can lead to a large change in energy.
|Autori:||SIEBERT M R; AQUINO A J A; DE JONG W A; GRANUCCI G; HASE W L|
|Titolo:||Potential energy surface for C2H4I2+ dissociation including spin-orbit effects|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/00268976.2012.725137|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|