Abstract Environmental and climatic conditions affect the flower bud growth, flowering and yield performance of fruit species. Temperature and water availability appear to be important factors for temperate fruit trees in mild climates. The aim of this research was to study the involvement of temperature regime on biological processes, such as xylem differentiation and dormancy evolution, in apricot flower buds (Prunus armeniaca L.). Over 3 consecutive years, biological and anatomical investigations were carried out in Tuscany (Italy) and Murcia (Spain) on two cultivars characterized by a different chilling requirement (CR): Currot, a traditional Spanish cultivar with a very low CR, and Stark Early Orange (SEO), a North American cultivar with a very high CR. Currot had a regular bearing, and was characterized by a synchronism between endodormancy release and xylem differentiation. On the other hand, SEO showed an irregular flower bud growth leading to flowering and fruit-set failure, even with a high level of chilling accumulation. No relationship was found in SEO between xylem development and flower bud growth reactivation. The de-synchronism between these processes could determine the poor adaptability to different environmental areas of SEO cultivar, and its very high CR is not the main hypothesised cause of the altered flower bud development.
|Autori:||Andreini L; Viti R; Bartolini S; Ruiz D; Egea J; Campoy J.A.|
|Titolo:||The relationship between xylem differentiation and dormancy evolution in apricot flower buds (Prunus armeniaca L.): the influence of environmental conditions in two Mediterranean areas.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00468-011-0668-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|