Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a re-emerging wheat disease that causes extensive damage through direct losses in yield and quality due to the presence of damaged Fusarium kernels and their associated mycotoxins such as the trichothecene deoxynivalenol (DON). Biological control, including the treatment of crop residues with antagonists, in order to reduce pathogen inoculum of FHB, holds considerable promise. Ten Trichoderma isolates, previously selected for their ability to grow in the presence of DON, were preliminarily investigated as potential antagonists against Fusarium culmorum and F. graminearum mycotoxigenic strains in plate confrontation assays. The three Trichoderma isolates showing antibiosis and mycoparasitism were evaluated for their capacity to inhibit DON production by F graminearum and F culmorum on two natural substrates. The expression of some chitinase-encoding genes by the two best resulting Trichoderma strains, during interaction with F culmorum and F. graminearum, was monitored. All investigated genes from chitinase subgroups A, B and the new subgroup C responded to mycoparasitic conditions and were upregulated before contact and/or when in contact with the host. T. gamsil 6085, the best antagonist, was finally used in a competition test against F. culmorum and F. graminearum on natural substrates, using a qPCR approach to evaluate its effect on the pathogen's growth and DON production in haulms and rice. This test confirmed the ability of T. gamsil 6085 to antagonize the pathogens on rice. On wheat haulms, an extreme oligotrophic environment, T. gamsil 6085 seemed to develop very poorly and the growth of both the pathogens was unaffected by the presence of the antagonist.
|Autori:||Matarese F; Sarrocco S; Gruber S; Seidl-Seiboth V; Vannacci G|
|Titolo:||Biocontrol of Fusarium head blight: interactions between Trichoderma and mycotoxigenic Fusarium|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1099/mic.0.052639-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|