Archaeological excavations at the Biblioteca Magliabechiana, which is part of the Uffizi gallery complex in Florence (Tuscany, central Italy), exposed Dark Earth deposits between alluvial sediments of the nearby Arno River. The term Dark Earth refers to thick, dark colored, and seemingly homogeneous deposits occurring in urban settings throughout Europe, broadly dated to the post- Roman period. The stratigraphic sequence of the Biblioteca Magliabechiana was investigated by integrating geomorphological, chronological, and archaeological information with micromorphological and soil analytical data. This combination of approaches resulted in the identification of an early phase of Dark Earth formation (7th century A.D.) during which the area was characterized by the accumulation of manure or night soil in wet peri-fluvial conditions. After a phase of abandonment, Dark Earth accretion resumed (10th to early 11th century A.D.), at this stage due primarily to the dumping of domestic waste. Subsequent progressive abandonment of the area was followed by the deposition of alluvium, probably during the major flood of November 4, 1177. The present study demonstrates that Dark Earth is the outcome of strong bioturbation and human reworking acting on anthropogenic deposits and possibly on alluvial sediments.
|Autori:||NICOSIA C; LANGOHR R; MEES F; ARNOLDUS-HUYZENDVELD A; BRUTTINI L; CANTINI F|
|Titolo:||Medieval Dark Earth in an Active Alluvial Setting from the Uffizi Gallery Complex in Florence, Italy|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/gea.21403|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|