A major effort is underway to select genetic polymorphisms potentially relevant to the clinical efficacy and safety of endocrine treatment of breast cancer. Genetic factors of the host that affect the metabolism of tamoxifen, a widely used drug for the adjuvant treatment of breast cancer, have received particular attention. Cytochrome P450 isoform 2D6 (CYP2D6) is a key step in the metabolism of tamoxifen to its active moiety endoxifen. Women with functionally deficient genetic variants of CYP2D6 who are given drugs that inhibit CYP2D6 are exposed to low endoxifen plasma levels and may enjoy reduced benefits from tamoxifen treatment. Therefore, CYP2D6 status may be an important predictor of the benefits of tamoxifen to an individual; unfortunately, the data are not uniformly concordant, and definitive evidence that would suggest the routine analysis of CYP2D6 before commencing tamoxifen treatment is not yet available. Recent research has focused on the role UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, a family of metabolizing enzymes that play an important role in the metabolic clearance of tamoxifen and of the aromatase inhibitors as well, and how interindividual differences in these enzymes may play a role in the clinical outcome upon administration of anti-estrogen treatment. In conclusion, whether a pharmacogenetic profile should be obtained prior to initiating tamoxifen therapy is currently a matter of debate, although summing up all the scientific evidence available on this issue it appears that the genetic screening would be an useful support for clinical decision making in selected patients.
|Autori interni:||DANESI, ROMANO|
DEL RE, MARZIA
|Autori:||DEL RE M; MICHELUCCI A; SIMI P; DANESI R|
|Titolo:||Pharmacogenetics of anti-estrogen treatment of breast cancer|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ctrv.2011.08.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|