Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether thrombectomy during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with high thrombus burden improves myocardial reperfusion and reduces infarct size. Background: Thrombectomy aims at reducing distal thrombotic embolization during pPCI, improving myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcome. Methods: We randomized 208 patients with high thrombus burden in a 1:1 ratio to either pPCI with thrombectomy (Group T) or standard pPCI (Group S). Thrombectomy was performed with either rheolytic or manual aspiration catheters. Three-month magnetic resonance imaging was performed to assess infarct size and transmurality and microvascular obstruction (MVO). The primary endpoints were ST-segment elevation resolution (STR) >70% at 60 min and 3-month infarct size. Results: The baseline profile was similar between groups, except for a higher rate of initial Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 in Group S (p = 0.002). Group T showed a significantly higher rate of STR (57.4% vs. 37.3%; p = 0.004) and of final myocardial blush 3 (68.3% vs. 52.9%; p = 0.03). Group T and Group S did not differ with regard to infarct size (20.4 ± 10.5% vs. 19.3 ± 10.6%; p = 0.54) and transmurality (11.9 ± 12.0% vs. 11.6 ± 12.7%; p = 0.92), but Group T showed significantly less MVO (11.4% vs. 26.7%; p = 0.02) and a higher prevalence of inhomogeneous scar (p < 0.0001). One-year freedom from major adverse cardiac events was similar between groups. Conclusions: Thrombectomy as an adjunct to pPCI in patients with high thrombus load yielded better post-procedural STR and reduced MVO at 3 months but was not associated with a reduction in infarct size and transmurality. Thromboaspiration in Patients With High Thrombotic Burden Undergoing Primary Percutaneous (Coronary Intervention; NCT01472718)

A Prospective Randomized Trial of Thrombectomy Versus No Thrombectomy in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Thrombus-Rich Lesions: MUSTELA (MUltidevice Thrombectomy in Acute ST-Segment ELevation Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial

PETRONIO, ANNA
2012

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether thrombectomy during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with high thrombus burden improves myocardial reperfusion and reduces infarct size. Background: Thrombectomy aims at reducing distal thrombotic embolization during pPCI, improving myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcome. Methods: We randomized 208 patients with high thrombus burden in a 1:1 ratio to either pPCI with thrombectomy (Group T) or standard pPCI (Group S). Thrombectomy was performed with either rheolytic or manual aspiration catheters. Three-month magnetic resonance imaging was performed to assess infarct size and transmurality and microvascular obstruction (MVO). The primary endpoints were ST-segment elevation resolution (STR) >70% at 60 min and 3-month infarct size. Results: The baseline profile was similar between groups, except for a higher rate of initial Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 in Group S (p = 0.002). Group T showed a significantly higher rate of STR (57.4% vs. 37.3%; p = 0.004) and of final myocardial blush 3 (68.3% vs. 52.9%; p = 0.03). Group T and Group S did not differ with regard to infarct size (20.4 ± 10.5% vs. 19.3 ± 10.6%; p = 0.54) and transmurality (11.9 ± 12.0% vs. 11.6 ± 12.7%; p = 0.92), but Group T showed significantly less MVO (11.4% vs. 26.7%; p = 0.02) and a higher prevalence of inhomogeneous scar (p < 0.0001). One-year freedom from major adverse cardiac events was similar between groups. Conclusions: Thrombectomy as an adjunct to pPCI in patients with high thrombus load yielded better post-procedural STR and reduced MVO at 3 months but was not associated with a reduction in infarct size and transmurality. Thromboaspiration in Patients With High Thrombotic Burden Undergoing Primary Percutaneous (Coronary Intervention; NCT01472718)
Marco De, Carlo; Giovanni D., Aquaro; Cataldo, Palmieri; Elena, Guerra; Leonardo, Misuraca; Cristina, Giannini; Massimo, Lombardi; Sergio, Berti; Petronio, Anna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/156732
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