OBJECTIVE:We evaluated the effect of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and/or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on the secretion of prototype proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6), compared to T-helper 1 [Th1; chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10)] or Th2 [chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2)] chemokines, in primary cultured fibroblasts from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) at an early stage of the disease. METHODS:Fibroblast cultures from 5 SSc patients (disease duration < 2 yrs) and 5 healthy controls were evaluated for the production of IL-6, CXCL10, and CCL2 at the basal level and after stimulation with IFN-γ and/or TNF-α. RESULTS:SSc fibroblasts basally produced higher levels of IL-6 than controls, while no difference was observed about CCL2 and CXCL10. TNF-α was able to dose-dependently induce IL-6 and CCL2 secretion in SSc, but not in control fibroblasts. By stimulation with increasing doses of IFN-γ, SSc fibroblasts were induced to secrete CCL2 and CXCL10, while no effect was observed on IL-6. The combination of IFN-γ and TNF-α induced a strong secretion of IL-6 and CCL2 in SSc fibroblasts but not in controls. In contrast, the synergistic effect of IFN-γ and TNF-α on CXCL10 secretion was similar in SSc fibroblasts and in controls. CONCLUSION:SSc fibroblasts participate in the self-perpetuation of inflammation by releasing IL-6, CXCL10, and CCL2 under the influence of IFN-γ and/or TNF-α. SSc fibroblasts are more active than controls in the secretion of IL-6 at baseline, and in the production of IL-6 and CCL2 under the combined IFN-γ/TNF-α stimulation.
|Autori:||Antonelli A; Fallahi P; Ferrari SM; Giuggioli D; Colaci M; Di Domenicantonio A; Ferri C.|
|Titolo:||Systemic sclerosis fibroblasts show specific alterations of interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α-induced modulation of interleukin 6 and chemokine ligand 2.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|