A new protocol, based on a modified replication method, is proposed to obtain bioactive glass scaffolds. The main feature of these samples, named "shell scaffolds", is their external surface that, like a compact and porous shell, provides both high permeability to fluids and mechanical support. In this work, two different scaffolds were prepared using the following slurry components: 59 % water, 29 % 45S5 Bioglass(A (R)) and 12 % polyvinylic binder and 51 % water, 34 % 45S5 Bioglass(A (R)), 10 % polyvinylic binder and 5 % polyethylene. All the proposed samples were characterized by a widespread microporosity and an interconnected macroporosity, with a total porosity of 80 % vol. After immersion in a simulated body fluid (SBF), the scaffolds showed strong ability to develop hydroxyapatite, enhanced by the high specific surface of the porous systems. Moreover preliminary biological evaluations suggested a promising role of the shell scaffolds for applications in bone tissue regeneration. As regards the mechanical behaviour, the shell scaffolds could be easily handled without damages, due to their resistant external surface. More specifically, they possessed suitable mechanical properties for bone regeneration, as proved by compression tests performed before and after immersion in SBF.
|Autori:||Bellucci D; Chiellini F; Ciardelli G; Gazzarri M; Gentile P; Sola A; Cannillo V|
|Titolo:||Processing and characterization of innovative scaffolds for bone tissue engineering|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10856-012-4622-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|