The purpose of this study is to discuss the surgical treatment for ovarian torsion in children and adolescents with a focus on the procedures of adnexal conservation surgery and its frequency in the literature of the last ten years. We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 127 operative ovarian lesions including 30 ovarian torsions (23,6%) treated in two pediatric centres over a 10-year period. Age at presentation, presenting symptoms, diagnostic studies, surgical procedure and pathological findings were analyzed. Mean age was 13.7 years. Conservative surgery has been performed in 46.7% of the cases and laparoscopic approach in 40%. Ovarian torsion occurred in 56.7% on ovaries with functional lesion, in 23.3% on normal adnexa and in 20% on ovaries with benign neoplasm. The article includes a literature review (2000-2010) and a statistical analysis which shows a slow increase in conservative surgery from 28% to 45%. Laparoscopic surgery accounts for 23.5%. Literature review shows 40.5% normal adnexa, 33.2% non-neoplastic lesions, 25.3% benign neoplasms and 1% malignant neoplasms. The surgical treatment of children and adolescents presenting adnexal torsion should be practised as an emergency and it should be more conservative as possible in order to maximize the future reproductive potential.

Adnexal torsion in children and adolescents: new trends to conservative surgical approach - Our experience and review of the literature,

SPINELLI, CLAUDIO;
2013

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to discuss the surgical treatment for ovarian torsion in children and adolescents with a focus on the procedures of adnexal conservation surgery and its frequency in the literature of the last ten years. We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 127 operative ovarian lesions including 30 ovarian torsions (23,6%) treated in two pediatric centres over a 10-year period. Age at presentation, presenting symptoms, diagnostic studies, surgical procedure and pathological findings were analyzed. Mean age was 13.7 years. Conservative surgery has been performed in 46.7% of the cases and laparoscopic approach in 40%. Ovarian torsion occurred in 56.7% on ovaries with functional lesion, in 23.3% on normal adnexa and in 20% on ovaries with benign neoplasm. The article includes a literature review (2000-2010) and a statistical analysis which shows a slow increase in conservative surgery from 28% to 45%. Laparoscopic surgery accounts for 23.5%. Literature review shows 40.5% normal adnexa, 33.2% non-neoplastic lesions, 25.3% benign neoplasms and 1% malignant neoplasms. The surgical treatment of children and adolescents presenting adnexal torsion should be practised as an emergency and it should be more conservative as possible in order to maximize the future reproductive potential.
Spinelli, Claudio; Pucci, Valentina; Buti, Irene; Josephine, Liserre; Messineo, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/158506
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