Objective: To measure plasma nitric oxide (NO), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and VEGF gene polymorphisms in fetal circulation in severe preeclampsia. Methods: Cord vessels of singleton gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia 36 weeks or more (n=31) and controls were sampled upon delivery for analyte measuring. Additionally, DNA was extracted from umbilical vein whole blood to determine the frequency of VEGF gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): -2578 A/C, -1498 C/T, -1154 A/G, -634 C/G and +936 C/T. Coefficient correlations between analyte levels and placental and neonatal weight were calculated. Results: NO plasma levels in umbilical vessels (artery and vein) were significantly higher in preeclampsia cases as compared to controls (4.67 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.90; 4.46 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.99 mmol/L, respectively, p=0.0001 both). ADMA levels displayed a similar increased trend in both fetal vessels, but this did not reach statistical significance (2.57 ± 1.03 vs. 2.34 ± 0.57; 2.74 ± 0.94 vs. 2.42 ± 0.59 mmol/L, respectively, p>0.05). VEGF was significantly lower in artery but not in vein in preeclampsia cases (200.48 ± 225.62 vs. 338.61 ± 287.03 pg/mL, p=0.04). A significant positive correlation was found between NO and ADMA levels (artery and vein) among preeclampsia cases. Overall, the frequency of the studied VEGF gene SNPs did not differ among preeclamptic cases and controls; nevertheless, a significant trend toward lower umbilical vein VEGF levels was observed in preeclampsia cases in the presence of -2578 CC and -1154 AG genotypes. Conclusion: Near term gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia presented higher NO levels in fetal circulation, which correlated to ADMA and lower artery VEGF values. More research is warranted to confirm that selected VEGF SNPs may be associated with lower umbilical vein VEGF.

Feto-placental nitric oxide, asymmetric dimethylarginine and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and VEGF gene polymorphisms in severe preeclampsia

BOCCI, GUIDO;MANNELLA, PAOLO;SIMONCINI, TOMMASO
2013

Abstract

Objective: To measure plasma nitric oxide (NO), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and VEGF gene polymorphisms in fetal circulation in severe preeclampsia. Methods: Cord vessels of singleton gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia 36 weeks or more (n=31) and controls were sampled upon delivery for analyte measuring. Additionally, DNA was extracted from umbilical vein whole blood to determine the frequency of VEGF gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): -2578 A/C, -1498 C/T, -1154 A/G, -634 C/G and +936 C/T. Coefficient correlations between analyte levels and placental and neonatal weight were calculated. Results: NO plasma levels in umbilical vessels (artery and vein) were significantly higher in preeclampsia cases as compared to controls (4.67 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.90; 4.46 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.99 mmol/L, respectively, p=0.0001 both). ADMA levels displayed a similar increased trend in both fetal vessels, but this did not reach statistical significance (2.57 ± 1.03 vs. 2.34 ± 0.57; 2.74 ± 0.94 vs. 2.42 ± 0.59 mmol/L, respectively, p>0.05). VEGF was significantly lower in artery but not in vein in preeclampsia cases (200.48 ± 225.62 vs. 338.61 ± 287.03 pg/mL, p=0.04). A significant positive correlation was found between NO and ADMA levels (artery and vein) among preeclampsia cases. Overall, the frequency of the studied VEGF gene SNPs did not differ among preeclamptic cases and controls; nevertheless, a significant trend toward lower umbilical vein VEGF levels was observed in preeclampsia cases in the presence of -2578 CC and -1154 AG genotypes. Conclusion: Near term gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia presented higher NO levels in fetal circulation, which correlated to ADMA and lower artery VEGF values. More research is warranted to confirm that selected VEGF SNPs may be associated with lower umbilical vein VEGF.
Chedraui, P; Solis, Ej; Bocci, Guido; Gopal, S; Russo, E; Escobar, Gs; Hidalgo, L; Pérez López, Fr; Genazzani, Ar; Mannella, Paolo; Simoncini, Tommaso
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/158725
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