The effects of short- and long-term neuroleptic therapy on peripheral secretion of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) and beta-lipotropin (beta-LPH) were examined in 25 chronic schizophrenic patients. Haloperidol was given to 8 patients for 10 days (group A: 0.1 mg/kg b.w./day) and to another group of 8 patients for 30 days (group B: 10-18 mg/day). The other 9 patients were given a combination of haloperidol (6-30 mg/day) with either chlorpromazine (25-75 mg/day), clotiapine (40-60 mg/day), or fluphenazine decanoate (25-75 mg/month) for 14-18 months (group C). beta-EP and beta-LPH levels were assayed before and after each treatment. Haloperidol plasma levels were assayed in group B patients at the end of treatment. beta-EP mean basal levels were higher in patients than in controls; however, beta-LPH mean basal levels were higher only for group A patients. After treatment, the mean levels did not differ from those prior to therapy in groups A and B, while beta-LPH levels were significantly higher in group C. Level increases or decreases in single patients did not correlate with drug dose or duration of treatment, with baseline peptide levels or with the clinical effects of the various treatments.

Effects of neuroleptic treatments on peripheral opioid secretion.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA
1987

Abstract

The effects of short- and long-term neuroleptic therapy on peripheral secretion of beta-endorphin (beta-EP) and beta-lipotropin (beta-LPH) were examined in 25 chronic schizophrenic patients. Haloperidol was given to 8 patients for 10 days (group A: 0.1 mg/kg b.w./day) and to another group of 8 patients for 30 days (group B: 10-18 mg/day). The other 9 patients were given a combination of haloperidol (6-30 mg/day) with either chlorpromazine (25-75 mg/day), clotiapine (40-60 mg/day), or fluphenazine decanoate (25-75 mg/month) for 14-18 months (group C). beta-EP and beta-LPH levels were assayed before and after each treatment. Haloperidol plasma levels were assayed in group B patients at the end of treatment. beta-EP mean basal levels were higher in patients than in controls; however, beta-LPH mean basal levels were higher only for group A patients. After treatment, the mean levels did not differ from those prior to therapy in groups A and B, while beta-LPH levels were significantly higher in group C. Level increases or decreases in single patients did not correlate with drug dose or duration of treatment, with baseline peptide levels or with the clinical effects of the various treatments.
Brambilla, F; Facchinetti, F; Petraglia, F; Smeraldi, E; Bellodi, L; Brancato, V; Genazzani, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/15910
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