The exposure to pesticides and toxic compounds in xenobiotic transport and metabolism genes has been shown to affect risk of developing multiple myeloma (MM). Therefore, we hypothesized that genetic variations in xenobiotic transport and metabolism regulator genes PXR (NR1I2) and CAR (NR1I3) could determine a difference in MM susceptibility. Ten tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for PXR and seven for the CAR genes were selected and genotyped in 627 MM cases and 883 controls collected in the context of the International Multiple Myeloma rESEarch (IMMEnSE) consortium. None of the 17 SNPs investigated showed significant association with MM risk either alone or when combined in haplotypes. Significant SNP-SNP interactions were not found, neither with 58 previously genotyped polymorphisms in ABC transporters. We can therefore exclude that common genetic variants in the xenobiotic transport and metabolism regulator genes PXR and CAR affect MM risk.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 10 January 2013; doi:10.1038/jhg.2012.149.
|Autori:||Martino, A; Sainz, J; Manuel Reis, R; Moreno, V; Buda, Gabriele; Lesueur, F; Marques, H; García Sanz, R; Ríos, R; Stein, A; Dumontet, C; Gemignani, Federica; Rossi, ANNA MARIA; Landi, Stefano; Jurado, M; Petrini, Mario; Jamroziak, K; Campa, Daniele; Canzian, F.|
|Titolo:||Polymorphisms in regulators of xenobiotic transport and metabolism genes PXR and CAR do not affect multiple myeloma risk: a case-control study in the context of the IMMEnSE consortium.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/jhg.2012.149|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|