Since the 1970s, various types of ceramic, glass and glass-ceramic materials have been proposed and used to replace damaged bone in many clinical applications. Among them, hydroxyapatite (HA) has been successfully employed thanks to its excellent biocompatibility. On the other hand, the bioactivity of HA and its reactivity with bone can be improved through the addition of proper amounts of bioactive glasses, thus obtaining HA-based composites. Unfortunately, high temperature treatments (1200 degrees C divided by 1300 degrees C) are usually required in order to sinter these systems, causing the bioactive glass to crystallize into a glass-ceramic and hence inhibiting the bioactivity of the resulting composite. In the present study novel HA-based composites are realized and discussed. The samples can be sintered at a relatively low temperature (800 degrees C), thanks to the employment of a new glass (BG_Ca) with a reduced tendency to crystallize compared to the widely used 45S5 Bioglass (R). The rich glassy phase, which can be preserved during the thermal treatment, has excellent effects in terms of in vitro bioactivity; moreover, compared to composites based on 45S5 Bioglass (R) having the same HA/glass proportions, the samples based on BG_Ca displayed an earlier response in terms of cell proliferation

A new hydroxyapatite-based biocomposite for bone replacement

GAZZARRI, MATTEO;CHIELLINI, FEDERICA;
2013

Abstract

Since the 1970s, various types of ceramic, glass and glass-ceramic materials have been proposed and used to replace damaged bone in many clinical applications. Among them, hydroxyapatite (HA) has been successfully employed thanks to its excellent biocompatibility. On the other hand, the bioactivity of HA and its reactivity with bone can be improved through the addition of proper amounts of bioactive glasses, thus obtaining HA-based composites. Unfortunately, high temperature treatments (1200 degrees C divided by 1300 degrees C) are usually required in order to sinter these systems, causing the bioactive glass to crystallize into a glass-ceramic and hence inhibiting the bioactivity of the resulting composite. In the present study novel HA-based composites are realized and discussed. The samples can be sintered at a relatively low temperature (800 degrees C), thanks to the employment of a new glass (BG_Ca) with a reduced tendency to crystallize compared to the widely used 45S5 Bioglass (R). The rich glassy phase, which can be preserved during the thermal treatment, has excellent effects in terms of in vitro bioactivity; moreover, compared to composites based on 45S5 Bioglass (R) having the same HA/glass proportions, the samples based on BG_Ca displayed an earlier response in terms of cell proliferation
Bellucci, D; Sola, A; Gazzarri, Matteo; Chiellini, Federica; Cannillo, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/159551
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