Depression and cardiovascular disease are very common, and they often coexist. Major depression is considered a primary and secondary risk factor for hypertension, coronary artery disease, myocardial Infarction, and congestive heart failure. Nevertheless, depressive episodes, minor depression, dysthymia, and several subsyndromal forms of depression, currently included in the realm of ‘‘mood spectrum disorders,’’ might have a role in the etiology of these cardiovascular diseases. Despite the exact pathways underlying the interplay between depressive spectrum disorders and cardiovascular disease have yet to be elucidated, the existence of a bidirectional relationship has been postulated. The aim of this manuscript is either to reconsider the clinical evidences of the relationship between depressive spectrum disorders and cardiovascular disease or the hypothesis of a common psychoorganic etiological background by a systematic search from MEDLINE and PsychINFO articles with participants over 18 years.

Spectrum of depressive disorders and cardiovascular diseases: clinical and psychobiological evidences of a bidirectional relationship

BRUNO, ROSA MARIA;GUAZZELLI, MARIO;TADDEI, STEFANO;GEMIGNANI, ANGELO;GHIADONI, LORENZO
2012

Abstract

Depression and cardiovascular disease are very common, and they often coexist. Major depression is considered a primary and secondary risk factor for hypertension, coronary artery disease, myocardial Infarction, and congestive heart failure. Nevertheless, depressive episodes, minor depression, dysthymia, and several subsyndromal forms of depression, currently included in the realm of ‘‘mood spectrum disorders,’’ might have a role in the etiology of these cardiovascular diseases. Despite the exact pathways underlying the interplay between depressive spectrum disorders and cardiovascular disease have yet to be elucidated, the existence of a bidirectional relationship has been postulated. The aim of this manuscript is either to reconsider the clinical evidences of the relationship between depressive spectrum disorders and cardiovascular disease or the hypothesis of a common psychoorganic etiological background by a systematic search from MEDLINE and PsychINFO articles with participants over 18 years.
Palagini, L.; Bruno, ROSA MARIA; Guazzelli, Mario; Taddei, Stefano; Gemignani, Angelo; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/159726
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