Alterations in fluid and electrolyte balance represent a common complaint by women during different stages of the menstrual cycle; however, conflicting results concerning the possible role of plasma Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) modifications during the menstrual cycle have been reported. This may be due to differences in assay methods or in the clinical protocol adopted. Moreover, possible variations in plasma Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) levels during the menstrual cycle have not been studied. We measured the plasma levels of ANP and BNP by means of two highly sensitive and specific immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) methods in 19 normal women without premenstrual symptoms, in order to evaluate whether significant modifications of these hormones are present during the menstrual cycle. Because it is well-known that circulating levels of cardiac hormones show great variations in normal subjects due to their rapid plasma half lives, blood samples were collected at 2.5-min intervals over a 15-min period on the 5th and 24th days of the cycle. The mean (+/-SD) values of ANP (follicular phase=15.1+/-8.7 pg/ml; luteal phase=14.8+/-9.5 pg/ml) and of BNP (follicular phase=13.0+/-15.0 pg/ml; luteal phase=11.2+/-11.4 pg/ml) did not show significant variations during the menstrual cycle. Moreover, the variability of ANP values (CV=24.8+/-13.2%) was significantly higher (p=0.0318) than that of BNP values (CV=16.5+/-8.9%), and a significant correlation was found between the mean ANP and BNP values of the individual women studied (R=0.407, p=0.0437). The values of estradiol, progesterone, LH, FSH and prolactin did not correlate with the ANP or BNP values. In conclusion, our results indicate that circulating levels of cardiac hormones do not show any significant modifications during the menstrual cycle in healthy women.
|Autori:||Maffei S; Clerico A; Iervasi G; Nannipieri M; Del Ry S; Giannessi D; Donato L.|
|Titolo:||Circulating levels of cardiac natriuretic hormones measured in women during menstrual cycle.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|