Particle-based biofilm reactors provide the potential to develop compact and high-rate processes. In these reactors, a large biomass content can be maintained (up to 30 g l(-1)), and the large specific surface area (up to 3000 m(2) m(-3)) ensures that the conversions are not strongly limited by the biofilm liquid mass-transfer rate. Engineered design and control of particle-based biofilm reactors are established, and reliable correlations exist for the estimation of the design parameters. As a result, a new generation of high-load, efficient biofilm reactors are operating throughout the world with several full-scale applications for industrial and municipal waste-water treatment.
|Autori:||Nicolella C; van Loosdrecht MCM; Heijnen SJ|
|Titolo:||Particle-based biofilm reactor technology RID B-2738-2009 RID C-4670-2008|
|Anno del prodotto:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0167-7799(00)01461-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|