The production rates of D*+/- D-s(*+/-), D+/-, D-0/(D) over bar(0), D-s(+/-), and Lambda(c)(+)/<(Lambda)over bar>(-)(c) in Z --> c (c) over bar decays are measured using the LEP I data sample recorded by the ALEPH detector. The fractional energy spectrum of the D*+/- is well described as the sum of three contributions: charm hadronisation, b hadron decays and gluon splitting into a pair of heavy quarks. The probability for a c quark to hadronise into a D*+ is found to be f(c --> D*+) = 0.233 +/- 0.010(stat.) +/- 0.011(syst.). The average fraction of the beam energy carried by D*+/- mesons in Z --> c (c) over bar events is measured to be (X-E(D*+/-))(c (c) over bar) = 0.4878 +/- 0.0046(stat.) +/- 0.0061(syst.). The D*+/- energy and the hemisphere mass imbalance distributions are simultaneously used to measure the fraction of hadronic Z decays in which a gluon splits to a c (c) over bar pair: (n) over bar(g --> c (c) over bar) = (3.23 +/- 0.48(stat.) +/- 0.53(syst.))%. The ratio of the Vector/(Vector+Pseudoscalar) production rates in charmed mesons is found to be P-V = 0.595 +/- 0.045. The fractional decay width of the Z into cc pairs is determined from the sum of the production rates for various weakly decaying charmed states to be R-c = 0.1738 +/- 0.0047(stat.) +/- 0.0116(syst.).
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