The review presented in this paper focuses on applications of particulate biofilm reactors (e.g. Upflow Sludge Blanket, Biofilm Fluidized Bed, Expanded Granular Sludge Blanket, Biofilm Airlift Suspension, Internal Circulation reactors). Several full-scale applications for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment are presented and illustrated, and their most important design and operation aspects (e.g. biofilm formation, hydrodynamics, mass transfer, mixing) are analysed and discussed. It is clear from the review that this technology can be considered a grown up technology for which good design and scale-up guidelines are available. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori interni:||NICOLELLA, CRISTIANO|
|Autori:||Nicolella C; van Loosdrecht MCM; Heijnen JJ|
|Titolo:||Wastewater treatment with particulate biofilm reactors RID B-2738-2009|
|Anno del prodotto:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0168-1656(00)00229-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|