In the retina, somatostatin (SRIF) acts as a neuromodulator by interacting with specific SRIF subtype (sst) receptors. Aim of this investigation was to determine the cellular localization of the sst2A receptor isoform in the postnatal rabbit retina. Receptor immunoreactivity was localized using the antiserum K-230, directed to the C-terminus of the human sst2A receptor. In the postnatal rabbit retina, sst2A receptors were abundantly expressed without significant regional differences. They were localized predominantly to rod bipolar cells, identified with a protein kinase C (PKC) antibody, to amacrine cells, some of which also containing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and to presumed rare horizontal cells. Quantitative analysis showed that sst2A-immunoreactive (-IR) bipolar and amacrine cells reached their maximum density and absolute number at the time of eye opening, when the expression pattern of sst2A receptors was similar to that in adult retinas. In the adult retina, 68% of the PKC-IR rod bipolars and 34% of the TH-IR amacrine cells were observed to also express sst2A receptors. The appearance of sst2A receptor immunolabeling prior to eye opening and the developmental profile of sst2A receptor expression are compatible with a role of SRIF in the maturation of retinal circuitries. The partial expression of sst2A receptors in PKC-IR rod bipolar cells and in TH-IR amacrine cells may suggest some type of heterogeneity within these cell populations.

Postnatal development of somatostatin 2A (sst2A) receptors expression in the rabbit retina

GARGINI, MARIA CLAUDIA;BAGNOLI, PAOLA
2000

Abstract

In the retina, somatostatin (SRIF) acts as a neuromodulator by interacting with specific SRIF subtype (sst) receptors. Aim of this investigation was to determine the cellular localization of the sst2A receptor isoform in the postnatal rabbit retina. Receptor immunoreactivity was localized using the antiserum K-230, directed to the C-terminus of the human sst2A receptor. In the postnatal rabbit retina, sst2A receptors were abundantly expressed without significant regional differences. They were localized predominantly to rod bipolar cells, identified with a protein kinase C (PKC) antibody, to amacrine cells, some of which also containing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and to presumed rare horizontal cells. Quantitative analysis showed that sst2A-immunoreactive (-IR) bipolar and amacrine cells reached their maximum density and absolute number at the time of eye opening, when the expression pattern of sst2A receptors was similar to that in adult retinas. In the adult retina, 68% of the PKC-IR rod bipolars and 34% of the TH-IR amacrine cells were observed to also express sst2A receptors. The appearance of sst2A receptor immunolabeling prior to eye opening and the developmental profile of sst2A receptor expression are compatible with a role of SRIF in the maturation of retinal circuitries. The partial expression of sst2A receptors in PKC-IR rod bipolar cells and in TH-IR amacrine cells may suggest some type of heterogeneity within these cell populations.
F., Fontanesi; Gargini, MARIA CLAUDIA; Bagnoli, Paola
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/168121
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