Twenty-five bitches were artificially inseminated with semen that was frozen-thawed using an egg yolk-Tris-glucose-citrate extender containing 5% glycerol with, or without the addition of 0.5% Equex STM Paste. Semen was collected on 2 occasions from 11 dogs, pooled, and evaluated for sperm motility, morphology and plasma membrane integrity. Each pool was then divided in 2 parts, diluted with 1 of the 2 extenders, and frozen in 0.5-mL straws. In the bitches, plasma progesterone was assayed daily during late proestrus and estrus. Artificial insemination (AI) was performed twice on Days 3 and 5 after the estimated LH peak. For each insemination, 200x10(6) spermatozoa were used. Ten bitches were inseminated with semen frozen without Equex: In 5 females, semen was deposited transcervically into the uterus with the aid of a fiberoptic endoscope and a urethral catheter, while the remaining 5 bitches were inseminated in the cranial vagina using a Norwegian catheter. Fifteen bitches were inseminated with semen frozen-thawed with Equex: Two groups of 5 bitches were inseminated according to the techniques described above, while 5 bitches were inseminated vaginally using the Osiris catheter. Pregnancy was diagnosed and the number of fetuses counted by ultrasound examination. Postthaw, spermatozoa frozen with Equex tended to have higher total and progressive motility and to survive longer in vitro than when the extender without Equex was used. Spermatozoal concentration, age of the bitches, duration of heat and estrus, and progesterone concentration at LH peak and at the first and second Al did not differ among the 5 groups. The overall pregnancy rate of 84% (21/25) was close to what can be expected from well controlled natural matings. For both freezing extenders tested, 5/5 bitches were pregnant after uterine deposition of semen and 4/5 were pregnant when semen was deposited in the anterior vagina using the Norwegian catheter. With the Osiris catheter, 3/5 inseminations resulted in a pregnancy. No significant differences in pregnancy rate or number of fetuses were found between groups, site of deposition or freezing extender. (C) 1999 by Elsevier Science Inc.
|Autori:||Rota A; Iguer-Ouada M; Verstegen J; Linde-Forsberg C|
|Titolo:||Fertility after vaginal or uterine deposition of dog semen frozen in a Tris extender with or without Equex STM Paste|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0093-691X(99)80010-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|