The ratio CO2/CO from oxidation of Spherocarb char has been measured over a wide temperature range making use of the electrodynamic balance where single particles are heated by laser irradiation but are immersed in room temperature gas. This has allowed measurement of the CO2/CO ratio formed by the heterogeneous reaction on the char surface for temperatures up to 1670 K. For these conditions, an exponential decrease with a temperature coefficient of 3100/K is found. The CO2/CO ratio is proportional to the oxygen partial pressure raised to a power of 0.21. These results are in substantial agreement with work reported at lower temperatures. At normal combustion temperature the CO2/CO ratio from heterogeneous reaction is less than 0.1. Gas phase oxidation of CO to CO2 near the char surface, however, can become important at high char temperatures, even in a gas maintained at room temperature, and can have an important impact on surface temperature. The temperature at which gas phase reactions begin to contribute to CO2 formation and surface temperature was found to be reduced by the presence of water vapor. © 1991 Combustion Institute.
|Autori:||Tognotti L; Longwell J.P.; Sarofim A.F.|
|Titolo:||The products of the high temperature oxidation of a single char particle in an electrodynamic balance|
|Anno del prodotto:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0082-0784(06)80382-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|