Case presentation Dr. Daniele: The case record presented here is that of D.S., a woman who is now 35 years. Her case report begins when she was 14 years (1987) at which time she underwent screening for diabetes because of her obesity (weight 95 kg, BMI 36 kg/m2) and her family history of diabetes (mother and maternal grandmother). Based on her fasting glucose level (160 mg/dl), she was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. At that time, her level of HbA1c was 7.8%. D.S. began treatment with a low calorie diet with which she obtained a moderate weight reduction (about 10–15 kg). During the following years, she has had several weight fluctuations until she reached 67 kg in 1995. Throughout that period, she had several medical visits, but there is no available information regarding her glucose levels. At 22 years of age (1996), she was admitted into the hospital following a hyperglycemic crisis, accompanied by polyuria and polydipsia. This hospitalization resulted in the diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and subsequently, she began insulin treatment. On that occasion, diabetic retinopathy was found. The following years she saw an improvement in her glucose levels (HbA1c 6.5%) but a worsening of the retinopathy (diffuse microaneurysms, microhemorthages, and hard exudates) that required bilateral laser therapy. Concurrently, she developed a peripheral motor and sensory neuropathy, and then microalbuminuria but with preserved renal function. She continued insulin with four daily injections and maintained good metabolic control (HbA1c\6.5–7%), although her body weight rose continuously until she again reached 95 kg in 2000. In 2003, her HbA1c levels increased (7.8%) and she gained an additional 5 kg.
|Autori:||DANIELE G; BIANCHI C; DI CIANNI G; DEL PRATO S; MICCOLI R|
|Titolo:||Prognostic implications of diabetes phenotyping: new concepts for an old disease|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11739-009-0232-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|