Aims and background: The phenotypic expression of different APC mutations in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is variable: two to three variants of the disease have been defined based on the severity of colonic manifestations, Age of onset and number of polypectomies per person-year of postsurgical follow-up were compared in two FAP families with very close mutation sites in the APC gene, in order to ascertain mutation-specific variation of expressivity. Families and APC mutations: Family A (5 patients) carried a newly characterized mutation, a four bp deletion at codon 843. Family B (5 patients) carried a previously identified mutation at codon 835, Results: Mean age of onset was 49.7 years in family A and 30.5 years in family B; number of polypectomies per person-year of follow-up was 1.05 for family A and 10.1 for family B (P<0.001). Conclusions: There is significant variation of expressivity (allelic heterogeneity) in FAP between two mutations separated by only eight codons, located at the 5' extremity of APC gene exon 15.
|Autori:||Presciuttini S; Gismondi V; Scarcello E; Sala P; D'Elia F; Rossetti C; Caroti-Ghelli C; Molina F; Groden J; Mosca F; Bertario L; Varesco L|
|Titolo:||Different expressivity of two adjacent mutations of the APC gene|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|