The V79/AP4 Chinese hamster fibroblasts were densely stained with the anti-basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) antibody demonstrating an endogenous production of the peptide. The in vitro proliferation of these cells was stimulated by exogenous bFGF and the maximum growth (259% increase in H-3-thymidine incorporation into DNA) was reached with bFGF 10 ng ml-1. Inhibition of bFGF-mediated mitogenic pathway was obtained with a 15-mer antisense oligodeoxynucleotide targeted against bFGF mRNA and with suramin, a drug which blocks the biological activity of heparin-binding growth factors. bFGF antisense oligomer reduced the synthesis of DNA by 79.5 and 89.5% at 20 and 60 muM, respectively; this effect was reversed by the addition of exogenous bFGF to the culture medium. A short-term exposure to suramin 300 mug ml-1 produced a modest reduction in H-3-thymidine incorporation but suppressed the mitogenic effect of bFGF on V79/AP4 cells. In cells treated with suramin 300 mug ml-1 the drug concentration increased linearly over 3 days, reaching 13.15 mug mg-1 of protein; cell proliferation was inhibited in a dose-related manner as evaluated by the colony formation assay (IC50: 344.22 mug ml-1) and by the number of mitoses observed in culture. Furthermore, the drug induced ultrastructural alterations, consisting of perinuclear cisternae swelling, chromatin condensation, nucleolar segregation and cytoplasmic vacuolations. These findings demonstrated that the endogenous production of bFGF plays an important role in V79/AP4 fibroblasts proliferation, and the inhibition of bFGF-mediated mitogenic signalling with bFGF antisense oligomer or suramin is an effective mean of reducing cell growth.
|Autori:||BERNARDINI N; GIANNESSI F; BIANCHI F; DOLFI A; LUPETTI M; CITTI L; DANESI R; DEL TACCA M|
|Titolo:||INVOLVEMENT OF BASIC FIBROBLAST GROWTH-FACTOR IN SURAMIN-INDUCED INHIBITION OF V79/AP4 FIBROBLAST CELL-PROLIFERATION|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/bjc.1993.227|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|