We designed the present study to evaluate whether in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients aging causes endothelial dysfunction by a defect in the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway or production of cyclooxygenase-dependent vasoconstrictors. In 43 normotensive subjects and 47 essential hypertensive patients, we evaluated forearm blood flow (strain-gauge plethysmography) modifications evoked by intrabrachial acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, and 15 mu g/100 mL per minute), an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, in the presence of saline, L-arginine (1 mu mol/100 mL per minute), or indomethacin (50 mu g/100 mt per minute), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, and by sodium nitroprusside (1, 2, and 4 mu g/100 mL per minute), an endothelium-independent vasodilator. Vasodilation to acetylcholine was lower (P<.01) in essential hypertensive patients than normotensive control subjects, and in both groups, it declined with advancing age. In normotensive subjects older than 30 years, L-arginine potentiated the response to acetylcholine in parallel with increasing age, whereas indomethacin increased the vasodilation to acetylcholine only in the oldest group (>60 years). In younger hypertensive patients (<30 years), L-arginine but not indomethacin potentiated the response to acetylcholine. In adult patients (31 to 45 years), L-arginine still potentiated the vasodilation to acetylcholine, and indomethacin began to show some effect. In the oldest patients (46 to 60 and >60 years), L-arginine was no longer effective, and indomethacin exerted a potentiating action that was positively related to advancing age. In normotensive and hypertensive humans, similar mechanisms, including dysfunction of the nitric oxide pathway and production of cyclooxygenase-dependent vasoconstrictors, cause age-related impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilation, and only their earlier appearance characterizes hypertensive disease. Thus, the endothelial dysfunction that occurs in hypertension seems to represent an accelerated form of dysfunction that occurs in aging.
|Autori interni:||TADDEI, STEFANO|
BASILE FASOLO, CIRO
|Autori:||Taddei S; Virdis A; Mattei P; Ghiadoni P; Basile Fasolo C; Sudano I; Salvetti A|
|Titolo:||Hypertension causes premature aging of endothelial function in humans|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|