Tolerance to an oral tryptophan load (50 mg/kg body weight) was evaluated in a group of 15 insulin-dependent diabetic patients of both sexes in poor metabolic control. Tryptophan was measured fluorometrically, and the plasma levels of the other physiological amino acids were determined by HPLC. The ratio of the plasma concentration of each large neutral amino acid (LNAA) to the sum of the others was calculated to serve as an index for the competitive transport of these amino acids into the brain. The results show that post-loading plasma tryptophan levels in diabetic patients increased less than in healthy controls, suggesting enhanced liver catabolism of this amino acid (as reported for diabetic animals). Small changes were observed in the post-loading plasma concentrations of other amino acids. Therefore, the increment in the tryptophan/LNAA ratio in controls (basal, 0.12+/-0.01; 120 min after the load, 0.89+/-0.04; 240 min, 0.51+/-0.03) was greatly attenuated in diabetic patients (basal, 0.11+/-0.01, NS; 120 min, 0.46+/-0.04, p < 0.01; 240 min, 0.31+/-0.04, p < 0.01). Post-loading excursions in some other ratios were slightly larger in control than diabetic subjects. These differences, which may occur to a lesser extent after a protein-rich meal, could modify the availability of precursor amino acids to the brain for synthesis of neurotransmitters. Thus, as happens in certain animal species, an impairment of the post-absorptive accumulation of tryptophan and serotonin in the brain may occur in diabetic patients as a result of altered metabolic disposal of tryptophan.
|Autori:||FIERABRACCI V; NOVELLI M; CICCARONE AM; MASIELLO P; BENZI L; NAVALESI R; BERGAMINI E|
|Titolo:||Effects of tryptophan load on amino acid metabolism in type 1 diabetic patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|