Treatment of occlusive lesions of renal arteries, defined as renovascular disease (RVD), is aimed both at preventing ischemic renal disease (IRD) and rescuing renal function through revascularization procedures, such as PTRA, endovascular stenting and surgical revascularization, as well as curing or improving hypertension in the presence of renovascular hypertension (RVH), i.e. hypertension caused by these vascular lesions. Preventive treatment of IRD is still an individual decision making process based on the type of renal lesions, degree of renal stenosis and progressive loss of renal mass as well as on immediate and late technical success of revascularization procedures together with their rate of complications. Rescue of renal function and-or prediction of the outcome of renal function after successful revascularization depends not only on the possibility of clarifying whether the decrease in renal function is a functioning-reversible phenomenon linked to renal hypoperfusion but also on the potential risk that the revascularization procedure may induce irreversible kidney damage. The rationale for treating RVH through revascularization procedures derives from the possibility of establishing a pathogenetic link between the occlusive lesions and hypertension, mainly through renal vein renin measurement and captopril renography and possibly their combination. Finally, medical treatment of hypertension is needed in patients who cannot undergo or refuse revascularization and whose blood pressure is not normalized by these procedures.
|Autori:||BERNINI GP; PINTO S; ARZILLI F; MORETTI A; VIGNALI C; BARTOLOZZI C; SALVETTI A|
|Titolo:||Treatment of renovascular disease and of renovascular hypertension|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|