In the present study, we investigated the role of disulfide bridges and sulfhydryl groups in A(2a) adenosine receptor binding of the agonist 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenylethylamino)-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680). To evaluate the presence of essential disulfide bridges, rat striatal membranes were incubated with [H-3]CGS 21680 in the presence of dithiothreitol and binding of the agonist to membranes was measured. The amount of [H-3]CGS 21680 which specifically bound, decreased progressively upon pretreatment of membranes with increasing concentrations of dithiothreitol, Pretreatment of rat striatal membranes with 12.5 mM dithiothreitol for 15 min at 25 degrees C resulted in a 2-fold decrease of A(2a) adenosine receptor affinity for [3H]CGS 21680, and a reduction in the maximal number of binding sites. The presence of agonist or antagonist ligands protected the A(2a) adenosine receptor sites from the effect of dithiothreitol. We also examined the susceptibility of A(2a) adenosine receptors to inactivation by the sulfhydryl alkylating reagent, N-ethylmaleimide. When rat striatal membranes were pretreated with N-ethylmaleimide for 30 minutes at 37 degrees C, a decrease in specific [H-3]CGS 21680 binding was observed. Pretreatment of membranes with 1 mM N-ethylmaleimide also resulted in a 2-fold reduction of A(2a) adenosine receptor affinity for [H-3]CGS 21680, as well as a slight decrease in the maximal number of binding sites. Neither agonist nor antagonist ligands were effective in protecting the receptor sites from inactivation by N-ethylmaleimide. protecting the receptor sites from inactivation by N-ethylmaleimide. This protective effect was significant but not complete. Our data suggest that disulfide bridges play a role in the structural integrity of the A(2a) adenosine receptor, furthermore, reduced sulfhydryl groups appear to be important but we do not yet know if they are on the receptor or on the G(s alpha) subunit.
|Autori:||Mazzoni MR; Giusti L; Rossi E; Taddei S; Lucacchini A|
|Titolo:||Role of cysteine residues of rat A(2a) adenosine receptors in agonist binding|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0005-2736(96)00223-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|